Minute Paper Screencast

This short screencast explains a series of uses of the simple assessment technique called a "minute paper." Featuring graduate student instructors and faculty, the video highlights innovative ways to use such brief writing exercises before or during class to collect feedback on student learning. This is a strategy that can work well in classes of any size or format.




Adapted by Vilma Mesa and Mary Wright from Angelo & Cross (1993)
University of Michigan

“Classroom assessment helps individual college teachers obtain useful feedback on what, how much, and how well their students are learning. Faculty [and GSIs] can then use this information to refocus their teaching to help students make their learning more efficient and effective” (Angelo & Cross, p. 3).  The selected techniques listed below briefly describe the CAT, the amount of instructor preparation, and the amount of in-class time needed for each assessment. 



Time required

Application cards

After teaching about an important theory, principle, or procedure, ask students to write down at least one real-world application for what they have just learned to determine how well they can transfer their learning.

Prep: Low
In-class time: Low

Approximate analogies


Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) allow instructors to monitor students’ progress throughout the term. CATs help answer the questions, “What are my students learning? How effectively am I teaching?” The articles and links in this section provide comprehensive information about CATs, including their purpose and their use across disciplines.

Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs): An Introduction (Enerson, Plank, & Johnson, 2007)
Summary of Angelo & Cross’s volume, Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for College Teachers. This handout briefly outlines those techniques that are easiest to use, interpret, respond to, and modify; detailed examples of each technique are included.

Classroom Assessment Techniques (National Teaching & Learning Forum)
Discussion of why faculty should use CATs, including benefits to students and instructors. Contains a table with descriptions of eight common CATs and how faculty members can use the data collected from them. Read more »