Strategies for Online Teaching

Online teaching is increasingly common at many types of higher education institutions, ranging from hybrid courses that offer a combination of in-person and online instruction, to fully online experiences and distance learning. The following resources provide guidelines for creating an online course, best practices for teaching online, and strategies for assessing the quality of online education.


CRLT Occasional Paper #18: Online Teaching (Zhu, Dezure, & Payette, 2003)
This paper explores key questions to consider when planning an online course and provides guidelines for effective instructional practices.

Designing Good Questions for Online Discussions (Penn State)
Excellent source for learning how to use questions more effectively to facilitate critical thinking and to focus, redirect, and deepen discussions.

Instructional Design (Illinois Online Network)
An ever-changing collection of articles related to teaching online (including Tip of the Month), basic resources, and spotlight issues. As this site is well-maintained, it is worth occasionally checking in to see if new material has been added.

Instructional Strategies for Online Courses (Illinois Online Network)
An ever-changing collection of articles related to teaching online (including Tip of the Month), basic resources, and spotlight issues. As this site is well-maintained, it is worth occasionally checking in to see if new material has been added.

The site provides a summary of instructional strategies for online course.  Effective online instruction depends on learning experiences appropriately designed and facilitated by knowledgeable educators. Because learners have different learning styles or a combination of styles, online educators should design activities that address their modes of learning in order to provide significant experiences for each class participant.

Research on Best Practices (San Juan College)
These pages present a summary of research related to best practices of teaching online. It is divided into 4 sections: content and structure, communication, assessment, and references. The symbols (described below) indicate our recommendations for application of the concepts in your course.

Virtual Resource Site for Teaching with Technology (University of Maryland University College)
This website includes two modules. Module 1 explains how to select the appropriate media to accomplish specific learning objectives Module 2 describes pedagogical strategies that promote interaction in the online environment.

Online Course References (Raritan Valley Community College)
Online references for the following topics: instructor and student roles, building online learning communities, online course design, examples of online courses and degree programs, online/distance education information for faculty, online conferences on online course instructors.

Teaching College Courses Online vs. Face-to-Face (Smith, Ferguson & Caris, 2001, T.H.E. Journal)
This article describes the differences between teaching online and teaching face-to-face courses.

Rubric for Online Instruction (Cal State Chico, 2009)
This site is designed to answer the question being asked: What does a high quality online course look like? Instructors and instructional designers can use this site to learn more about the Rubric for Online Instruction, and be able to view examples of exemplary courses in which instructors have implemented the components of the rubric.

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