There is a variety of research on student motivation and how students process information. The links in this section offer short overviews of various aspects of this research and how it can be applied to instruction.

Research-Based Principles of Teaching & Learning Strategies (pdf): This document provides principles of teaching that lead to successful learning. Such principles include making use of students' prior knowledge and fostering self-directed learning.

Theory and Research-Based Principles of Learning

A list of seven basic principles that underlie effective learning. These principles are distilled from research from a variety of disciplines.

Teaching Principles

A list of seven principles designed to make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping instructors create the conditions that support student learning.

Instructional Design, Theory in Practice

This site contains a vast array of basic information about learning theory.

Index of Learning Theories and Models Read more »


Medical Education Links

The page offers links to medical associations and education organizations.

Medical Education Web Resources

The page lists various resources on medical education, including teaching journals, medical education website, teaching resources, and new technical innovation in education.

Medical education, Internet resources, medical libraries

The page offers links to free medical journals, medical education, Internet resources, and medical libraries.  This is part of Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research website (

Medical Education Online

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Eliciting participation, questions, and even attention from a sea of faces in a large lecture hall can be a difficult task. Instructors often seek ways to make large classes feel smaller. The links in this section provide information about classroom management techniques, suggestions for effective lecturing, and a list of additional resources and articles about large classes. 

Large Classes

Suggestions for Large Lecture Classes (UC Berkeley, 1983)

List of six suggestion to help make lecturing to a large enrollment course effective and manageable for students and instructors. 

Tips for Using Questions in Large Classes (Klionsky, 1999)

Short first-person account from an introductory biology course with a class enrollment of about 300 who shares some of his techniques for engaging the class.

Large Classes: A Teaching Guide

Detailed resource from University of Maryland for approaching large classes, including a set of ideas and suggestions to use. This guide offers tips for utilizing many of the teaching strategies described on the CRLT website (e.g., collaborative learning, discussions, writing) with large classes. Read more »



Just as there is no simple system for evaluating the quality of faculty research, there is no simple system for evaluating the quality of faculty teaching. However, by thinking carefully about the purposes of evaluation, and by crafting multiple methods of evaluation that suit those purposes, one can devise evaluation systems that are reliable, valid, and fair. Equally important, the process of discussing and crafting evaluation systems focuses attention on the practice of good teaching and helps to create a culture in which teaching is highly valued. Read more »