The following sets of guidelines or 'ground rules' are examples that can be given to a class for use, or can provide a basis for a discussion about developing an atmosphere of mutual respect and collective inquiry. Many teachers also find it productive to have a discussion with their students in which they collaboratively generate a list of discussion guidelines or community agreements to set expectations for their interactions.
(from the CRLT GSI Guidebook.)
Guidelines for Class Participation
1. Respect others’ rights to hold opinions and beliefs that differ from your own. Challenge or criticize the idea, not the person.
2. Listen carefully to what others are saying even when you disagree with what is being said. Comments that you make (asking for clarification, sharing critiques, expanding on a point, etc.) should reflect that you have paid attention to the speaker’s comments.
3. Be courteous. Don’t interrupt or engage in private conversations while others are speaking.
4. Support your statements. Use evidence and provide a rationale for your points.
5. Allow everyone the chance to talk. If you have much to say, try to hold back a bit; if you are hesitant to speak, look for opportunities to contribute to the discussion. Read more »